REF: 1. (U) DoD S-5210.41-M-V1, "Nuclear Weapon Security Manual: The DoD Nuclear Weapon Security Program”
2. (U) U.S. Army Special Forces Guide to Unconventional Warfare: Devices and Techniques for Incendiaries
3. TC 23-2 66 mm Rocket Launcher M202A, Field Manual ((

ENCL: 1. Raufoss MK211 Diagram .50 BMG round

1. Target is described as being only slowed or angered by use of conventional ballistics. However, target is presumably weak to flame attacks. To maximize safety, we will use the SOT approach to weaponry introduction.

2. STRATEGIC WEAPONRY: From the strategic standpoint we are left with very few options.
a. First, we have the nuclear option. Depending on the construction of the target, a high burst radiation channel from an isotope or exposed nuclear source is a possibility. This can be coupled with an explosive to spread the material over the subject. This typically takes longer to affect living tissue even at high concentrations. A more immediate approach would be to use a nuclear charge, which incorporates over/underpressures, extreme heat, and radioactive particle damage. This would require an actual nuclear device, and while this is easily the most effective method, it would require either some sort of targeted delivery system or other elaborate detonation trigger.
b. Second, there are the Chem/Bio routes. Neither of these can be recommended without more knowledge of the target.

3. OPERATIONAL WEAPONRY: There are a few more options that fit better in this category, and are more mobile.
a. A targeted, air-delivered weapon such as BGM-109D with reattack could utilize multiple passes with bomblet charges in order to repeatedly strip the defenses from the/a target. A BGM-109C has a sizeable yield that could override target defenses. Australian defense forces do have a small arsenal of TLAMs. A TLAM-C could be modified into the A variant and equipped with a small nuclear warhead.
b. Acquisition of an MBT or any other vehicle utilizing HEAP shells has been shown to cause a large amount of heat that has the potential to ignite targets. Considerations in this fact are the actual makeup of the target (thinner skins will cause non-detonation and blowthrough) and flammability of the target.
c. Any vehicle with a GAU style weapon system can and often does cause targets to ignite from the high velocity and volume of shells. Also, increasing the amount of tracer rounds in the ammunition chain will greatly increase the chance of the target catching fire. Even if the target is largely immune to the individual rounds, the stream of rounds from this weapon will cause a sizeable knockdown/pushback force.
d. A Mark 77 bomb would be exceptionally useful. However, as it is an area effect weapon and does rely somewhat on an airburst methodology to spread the fuel it contains, in addition to the rarity of this (especially in CONVOY current location) it is only added for notice.

4. TACTICAL WEAPONRY: These items would be the easiest but the least effective. However, some of them could be constructed or modified from current stores. They are presented in order from probably most effective to least.
a. REF 3, M202A Incendiary rocket launcher. This weapon has a maximum area affect range of 750 meters with a 200-meter pinpoint range, and an approximate area of effect of 20 meters. It carries 4 rockets per load of a single launcher, allowing quick re-engagements. The incendiary agent is triethylaluminum, which ignites on contact with air and is comparable in burning power to white phosphorus. The stand-off capability and relatively large ammunition supply, and ease of modification make this the primary man-portable unit for this engagement.
b. Raufoss MK211 rounds for .50 BMG rifles is the easiest to create and maintain. The penetrator head and explosive capability allow for the maximal spread of incendiary fuels. Considering the present stock of .50 BMG capable weaponry and the ability to easily modify standard penetrator rounds to this type, it is highly suggested that no matter what choice is made, CONVOY focuses on creating or acquiring more of these rounds, and researches a .338 Lapua variant for longer range engagements.
c. White Phosphorus grenades are exceptionally rare with their ban in warfare. However, white phosphorus is not difficult to synthesize and weaponize and could be effectively loaded into fragmentation grenades. In addition, AN/MK14 grenades using a thermite charge are extremely effective at burning through items, and as discussed below, thermite is quite easy to create.
d. Direct flame units are recommended only if the target is slower moving with no ranged weaponry. While direct flame units are highly effective, their relatively low range requires that the operator get very close to the target.
e. Thermite variants, specifically 25% aluminum and 75% ferric oxide are extremely effective for igniting targets. They are stable components also. However, they have a significant drawback of requiring extreme ignition heat to begin and sustain their reaction. Equipping current explosives with properly made thermite components could act as a force multiplier versus the current enemy. Current grenade systems laced with thermite components would also work well.

a. Assess with high confidence that the most cost/benefit/time method of attack will be a combination of M202A incendiary launchers, Raufoss-style rounds, and direct flame units. If a delivery system for thermite can be effectively created, thermite is easily the most cost effective and easiest to maintain. Recommend that procurement or creation of Raufoss MK211 rounds and variants begins immediately. In addition, Australian Defence Force bases should be checked for M202A launchers, as they were known to maintain them. Incendiary materials and tracer rounds could also be acquired at these locations. Victoria Barracks in Sydney is the most likely location for large caches of these weapons.

b. Recommend equipping long rifle units with Raufoss rounds. Recommend equipping “mad engineer” with M202A system, and having a delivery system designed for vehicles.

c. Please note this report does not take into account methods such as oxygen canister delivery or raw items such as torches.


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